d. Matter: Technique
-Until now, mankind has used technique to try to dominate the environment, adapting it to the physical characteristics -habilities and limitations- of our bodies.
-Our habilities are reason and comunication, love, memory and the fabrication and use of tools. Our limitations, fragility of our health and our children, a low adaptability to the outdoors, predators and enemies.
-Our extraordinary capacity to make tools and machines, and the idea of a world of endless resources, has taken mankind to the destruction of these resources and the contamination of nature. This was a primitive state of technique. To save us some effort and energy ourselves, we built machines that consumed even more.
-We can start using our inventiveness so that mankind and the rest of nature can live with less effort, less uncertainty and without destroying itself.
-We need a new understanding of technique, so that it becomes the means by which we adapt to the environment, diminishing our limitations and separation from it. From an exogenous technique to an endogenous one.
-We need to develop a new, inverse technique to come closer to our environment and still make our lives much easier. Instead of making the earth smaller, making it bigger. From a mechanicist paradigm to an instrumental bio-logy.
-How can we share and improve our disciplinary knowledge? On open source. Coming soon...
-How can we move from destructive to symbiotic techniques? On symbiotechniques. Coming soon...
-Which techniques and tools can we develop to really facilitate the whole construction process? Best made easier. Coming soon...
LITTLE PATHS (Case studies):
Learning to fly (case study #2 part 1). On the invention of flight techniques. Science, methodology and accidents. Or why there are only a few architects working at NASA?
- Dynamic maximum tension (case study #2 part 2). On lightness, traction, prestressed and flection systems, and what the XXth century could have been.
EXCURSIONS (Short exercises for young builders while on a journey):
- Map the existing techniques available in the nearby territory of your project, and the most important restrictions and needs present.
- Conversaciones con Jean Prouvé. Ed. Gustau Gili, 2005.
- Meditación de la técnica y otros ensayos sobre ciencia y filosofía. José Ortega y Gasset.
- Du mode d'existence des objets techniques. Gilbert Simondon. Méot, 1958.
- Tècnica. Pau Pérez. hipòtesis d'arquitectura, 2013. www.hipotesisdarquitectura.tumblr.com
- Tools for conviviality. Ivan Illich, 1973.
- Man and technics. Oswald Spengler, 1931.
- Tensegrity. Buckminster Fuller, 1961.